The revolution of 1917 in Russia and Finland’s independence cut off Russian trade, which was devastating for Finland’s economy. The people of Finland feel deeply that they cannot fulfil their national and international duty without complete sovereignty. The Parliament, exercising supreme power in Finland, ratified the declaration of independence and sovereignity in December. Besides, he thought that the Bolshevik government would probably fall soon. The Civil War of 1918 made the first year of independence one of the bloodiest in Finland's history. 1917 - The Russian Revolution allows Finland to declare its independence. The conflict lasted from late January until mid-May 1918 and resulted in a White victory. The parliament approved the Declaration of Independence on 6 December which, two years later, was chosen as the day on which independence would be celebrated. All the complications, famine and unemployment ensuing from the present external isolation make it urgent for the Government to tie direct contacts with foreign powers without delay. The Finnish War of Independence and the Civil War from January till May 1918, was part of the First World War, and, at the same time, linked with the struggle for world revolution of the Bolsheviks. 18. The reverse shows petroglyph aesthetics, while the obverse has a nine-oar boat with rowers as a symbol of collaboration. The White general, C.G.E. The National Board of Navigation, later called the Finnish Maritime Administration, was founded 15 December 1917, and piloting became its responsibility.[28][29]. Under Franz Albert Seyn, Bobrikov's successor as Governor-General, all legislation was moved to the Russian State Duma, which then pushed for laws restricting Finnish autonomy. [6] The Finnish markka was introduced as currency in 1860 by the Bank of Finland, which Snellman pegged to silver instead of the ruble. The Provisional Government survived, however, and disapproved of the Power Act and dissolved the Finnish Parliament. Important events. It is a national public holiday and a flag day is observed on December 6 to celebrate Finland's declaration of independence from the Russian empire in 1917. The first period of Russification of Finland (Finnish: Ensimmäinen sortokausi) began in 1899 with the February manifesto of Nicholas II when Nikolay Bobrikov was Governor-General of Finland. Independence was made possible by the development of the nation, upheavals in Europe and the nation’s strong desire for independence. The Provisional Government survived, however, disapproved of the Power Act and dissolved the Parliament. The Finnish people believe that the free Russian people and its constitutive National Assembly don’t want to prevent Finland’s aspiration to enter the multitude of the free and independent nations. The first parliamentary elections were held in March 1919. The declaration actually addresses this problem: The Government will approach foreign powers to seek the recognition of our political independence. [5], Image of the Declaration in Finnish with the senators' signatures, Image of the Declaration in Swedish with the senators' signatures, Text of Finland's Declaration of Independence, Translation from the Finnish language by B.Holm, 25 July 2009. Sweden lost its easterns provinces to Russia in 1809. The Parliament (eduskunta), led by the Social Democrats, declared … Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania declared their independence from Russia during the same period. The attempt to establish a monarchy in Finland failed and in 1919 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg became the first president. Inclusive of those killed in action, executed, or perished in prison camps, a total of 95,000 persons - the highest number ever in a … Finland became a Nordic society during 600 years of Swedish rule. The 90th Anniversary of Finland's Declaration of Independence was selected as the main motif for the €5 90th Anniversary of Finland's Declaration of Independence commemorative coin, minted in 2007. National identity grew simultaneously with Pan-European nationalism. At the same time the People of Finland dare to hope that the other nations of the world recognizes, that with their full independence and freedom the People of Finland can do their best in fulfilment of those purposes that will win them an independent position amongst the people of the civilized world. The Finnish War of Independence and the Civil War from January till May 1918, was part of the First World War, and, at the same time, linked with the struggle for world revolution of the Bolsheviks. 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